What is bad breath and how does it occur?

Bad breath is any disagreeable, unpleasant odour emanating from the mouth air. There are many medical and dental reasons for bad breath. But most common reason for bad breath is dental related, especially when poor oral care is followed. Poor oral care leads to tartar and bacteria deposit on teeth which leads to gum disease commonly known as gingivitis and periodontal disease. These two conditions are main reason for bad breath.

What are the problems associated with poor oral hygiene, bad breath and bleeding gums?

Poor Oral Hygiene leads to gum disease like Gingivitis in early stages and Periodontitis in later stages .Gingivitis is an inflammation of gums, seen with bleeding while brushing teeth or when eating food. Gingivitis is a reversible condition when treated early by the dentist. If left untreated, this condition can lead to serious gum disease known as periodontitis. Periodontitis is a advanced oral condition that causes loss of gums and bone that supports the tooth. According to American Dental Association, the reason for most of the tooth loss is due to the gum disease. Diabetic patients are more prone to such gum disease and they need to take proactive measures to visit the dentist once in every 3 months to maintain good oral hygiene.

Symptoms you should look for:

1. Bad breath within couple of hours even after brushing,

2. Red or Swollen gums,

3. Tender or Bleeding gums,

4. Painful chewing,

5. Loose teeth or Sensitive teeth,

6. Receeding Gums

Treatments for Gum Disease:

Early stages of Gum disease are treated with routine oral cleaning such as oral prophylaxis and Scaling and root planning.

Gum Specialist (Periodontist) provides treatment for gum related disease, Scaling and Root Planning. Scaling means – removal of tartar from above and below the gum line. Root Planing gets rid of rough spots within the gums where the germs gather, and helps remove bacteria. This procedure is also assisted by Dental Laser Equipment which can produce best outcome eliminating bacteria causing bad breath and bleeding gums. Advanced gum disease needs gum surgery and also need regeneration of lost gums and bone.